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Welfare of Production Animals

  • Welfare of Production Animals

Welfare of Production Animals

Frans J.M. Smulders and Bo Algers

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Assessment and Management of Risks

Author(s): Frans J.M. Smulders and Bo Algers

About The Book

This book, the fifth in the series 'Food Safety Assurance and Veterinary Public Health', has been conceived by a total of 33 internationally recognised experts from 11 different countries in Europe and from the USA, Canada and Australia, with backgrounds ranging from veterinary medicine, animal science, biology and microbiology to psychology, philosophy and ethics. It provides an up-to-date overview of the science of animal welfare and its assessment, of options for the assessment and management of risks for the welfare of production animals, and of the ramifications these may have for the safety of foods of animal origin.

This Volume is targeted at veterinary practitioners, official veterinarians in a control function, animal and food scientists, welfare scientists, students in animal welfare, auditing and inspection officials and risk managers at all levels of animal production.

Additional Information

Author Frans J.M. Smulders and Bo Algers
Availability In Print
Dimensions Unknown (W x H x D)
Extent 592pp
ISBN 9789086861224
Publication date 2009
Book Type Hardcover

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Hominum animaliumque saluti, or ?giving welfare proper consideration in animal production?

  • Introduction
  • Animal welfare ? a growing concern
  • Animal welfare science
  • The risk of poor animal welfare
  • The management of animal welfare risks
  • Veterinarians and animal welfare
  • The aim of this book
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Part 1 ? Animal welfare ? theoretical basis

The concept of animal welfare: a philosopher?s view

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Some contemporary definitions of welfare
  • The major definitions of animal welfare under scrutiny
  • Are subjective feelings the central component in animal welfare?
  • A word of caution
  • Is welfare an evaluative concept?
  • Conclusions
  • References

Animal welfare in science and society

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Competing voices for animal welfare
  • The social image of food producing animals contends with images of food
  • The family pet and the family food
  • Continental philosophy, animal rights, and welfare advocacy
  • Conclusions
  • References

Animal welfare components

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • The WelfareQuality© project?s principles and criteria of good welfare
  • Conclusions
  • References

Animal Welfare and housing

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Animal characteristics, housing design and animal welfare ? how are they interrelated?
  • Effects of housing conditions on animal welfare
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Animal welfare and nutrition

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Nutrient supply and metabolic demand
  • Perception of nutrition and welfare
  • Good feeding practice
  • Nutrition and welfare problems in practice
  • Assessment and management of nutritional risks to welfare
  • Conclusions
  • References

Animal welfare and management

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Stockperson characteristics affecting animal welfare
  • Opportunities to improve animal welfare through farm management practices
  • Conclusions
  • References

Animal welfare and transport

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • The EU regulation on animal transport
  • Risks for animal health and welfare typically associated with transport
  • Examples of stressful situations during transport
  • Conclusions
  • References

Stunning and slaughter methods

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Electrical stunning methods
  • Mechanical stunning methods
  • Other physical methods
  • Gas stunning methods
  • Religious slaughter
  • Effects on product quality and welfare
  • Stunning methods and public health implications
  • Conclusions
  • References

Animal welfare and killing for disease control

  • Summary
  • Introduction: general welfare problems during killing for disease control
  • Specific animal welfare risk factors when killing poultry
  • Specific animal welfare risks when killing pigs and ruminants
  • Conclusions
  • References

Animal welfare during hunting: the ethical perspective

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • General considerations on hunting: the pros and cons
  • Definition of ?hunting?
  • ?Pseudo-hunting? and animal welfare
  • Animal welfare for dogs which assist in hunting in training and work
  • Conclusions
  • References

Part 2 ? The assessment of animal welfare risks

A risk assessment approach to animal welfare

  • Summary
  • Introduction: risk assessment in animal welfare ? why?
  • The needs of animals ? a starting point for animal welfare risk assessment?
  • Definitions of animal welfare for use in Animal Welfare Risk Assessment
  • Animal-based, management-based and resource-based measures
  • Recruitment of a team for making a risk assessment
  • Getting people familiar with animal welfare risk assessment and the risk assessor familiar with animal welfare
  • Developing a method that supports efficient risk management
  • Conclusions
  • References

A practicable approach to assessing risks for animal welfare ? methodological considerations

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Choosing a suitable approach for assessing animal welfare risks
  • A brief overview of the various methods used to date in EFSA?s AWRA exercises and their limitations
  • Experiences and lessons learned from previous Risk Assessment excercises
  • General factors complicating RA of animal welfare
  • Composing and correctly interpreting RA tables
  • Usefulness of graphics for expressing RA outcomes
  • The feasibility of identifying ?welfare promoters? and options for benefit analysis
  • From risk assessment to risk management using HACCP principles
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

International context and impact of EFSA activities in animal welfare in the European Union

  • Summary
  • Introduction: Animal welfare in an international perspective
  • Role of EFSA within the EU strategy on animal health and welfare
  • Overview of EFSA/AHAW activities on risk assessment and scientific advice in animal welfare (2003-2009)
  • Interactions between animal welfare, animal disease and food safety in EFSA?s scientific opinions on animal welfare
  • Impact of the EFSA scientific assessment on the EU policy on animal welfare
  • EFSA?s future challenges in animal health and welfare
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

History and procedural aspects of the animal welfare risk assessment at EFSA

  • Summary
  • Introduction: international state of play of the risk assessment in animal welfare
  • Existing risk assessment methodologies and their adaptation to animal welfare
  • Scientific reports on animal welfare without a risk assessment approach (SCAHAW and SVC)
  • Scientific opinions on animal welfare with some risk assessment elements (EFSA 2003-2006)
  • First attempts to conduct formal (semi-) quantitative AWRA
  • First opportunity to challenge the utility of the current RA model by feeding it with solid data: AWRA of current farming and husbandry systems for dairy cows
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Part 3 ? Management of risks for the welfare of production animals

Animal welfare and legislation

  • Summary
  • Introduction: do people know what animal welfare is?
  • Do people want animal welfare legislation?
  • What actually affects the welfare of production animals?
  • The relative importance of legislation and standards in affecting animal welfare
  • The role of risk management in legislation
  • Who has to consider the risk of poor welfare and factors contributing to good welfare?
  • The role of animal welfare science in deciding on legislation
  • Enforcement and animal welfare science
  • Conclusions
  • References

Animal welfare: the risk manager?s perspective

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Key elements for risk managers in animal welfare
  • The interaction between ethics, consumers' attitudes and the achievements of benefits versus risk management elements
  • How risk management and the achievement of benefits are integrated into the European policy making
  • Do we have a golden formula to integrate in a global perspective risk assessment and risk?s manager decision making in animal welfare?
  • Conclusions
  • Note
  • References

Animal welfare indicators and their use in society

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • What should we ?measure? to assess welfare?
  • How could an assessment tool which includes ABMs be used to raise the overall level of animal welfare?
  • Turning assessments into ?scores?
  • Potential veterinary use of animal base assessment
  • The importance of assurance schemes and their inspectors in the evolving welfare assessment picture
  • Conclusions
  • References

The scientific basis of animal welfare indicators

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Definition of animal welfare
  • Input versus outcome standards for animal welfare
  • Animal welfare indicators
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Genetic improvements for production and animal welfare

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Selection for increased yield and its consequences on welfare of dairy cattle
  • Selection for increased yield and its consequences on welfare of poultry
  • Selection for increased yield and its consequences on welfare of pigs
  • Conclusions
  • References

Monitoring animal welfare

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Resources for performance of controls
  • Registration/authorisation of operators
  • Inspections based on risk
  • Other criteria for determining the frequency of inspection
  • Defining the scope of inspection
  • Reporting the results of inspections
  • Ensuring the quality of checks
  • Follow-up to inspections
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Animal welfare risk assessment and management from a national perspective

  • Summary
  • Introduction: a Swedish perspective on animal welfare
  • Monitoring and assurance of animal welfare
  • Official animal welfare control
  • A critical view on animal welfare risk assessment and management
  • Towards a standardised and risk-based official control
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Part 4 ? Reconciling animal welfare and food safety

Biological food safety in relation to animal welfare

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Main biological food safety hazards associated with farm animals
  • Factors relevant for on-farm food safety in relation to welfare of animals (pre-harvest stage)
  • Factors relevant for food safety in relation to welfare of animals farm-toslaughter (harvest stage)
  • Need for balancing the animal welfare- and the food safety-related effects of the same factors
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Biographies

Index

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