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Second Generation Biofuels: Companies, Technologies and Market Prospects

  • Second Generation Biofuels: Companies, Technologies and Market Prospects

Second Generation Biofuels: Companies, Technologies and Market Prospects

Andrea Marandino

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Author: Andrea Marandino

About The Book

Over the past few years, most of the alternative energy scenarios have nodded in the direction of biofuels as potential alternatives to petroleum as liquid fuels. The continued growth in the global extraction of petroleum - at a rate needed to maintain our lifestyles - is becoming increasingly unlikely. Energy demand will continue to grow, with the centre of gravity of global consumption shifting gradually to emerging economies, notably China and India. At the same time, global warming is increasingly perceived as a problem, discussed by experts and the general public alike. Biofuels could serve as a part replacement for petroleum in coming years.

However 'first-generation' bifuels are not without their problems - in particular expansion of agricultural capacity (meaning damage to rain forests and biodiversity, and loss of a natural carbon sink), and competition between food and biofuel crops (meaning higher food prices and potentially food shortages). So proponents are pinning a lot of hope on ?second-generation biofuels? produced from agricultural and forest residues and from non-food energy crops.

Additional Information

Author Andrea Marandino
Availability In Print
Dimensions Unknown
Extent Unknown
ISBN 978 0 9562803 1 2
Publication date Jaunary 2010
Book Type Unknown


0 Executive summary

1 Biofuel trouble

2 Cellulosic ethanol is high on policy agendas

  • 2.1 Government support for cellulosic ethanol in the USA
  • 2.2 Government policy affecting cellulosic ethanol in Europe

3 The direction of technological development

  • 3.1 The biochemical pathway
  • 3.2 The thermochemical pathway

4 Market prospects

  • Figure: Drivers and challenges of cellulosic ethanol market development
  • 4.2 Technical, economic and environmental issues
  • 4.3 The complexity of impact analysis, and politics
  • 4.4 Scale and logistics challenges
  • 4.5 Second generation biofuels in the future energy mix
  • 4.5.1 Second generation biofuels forecast
  • Figure: Projected global production of 2nd generation biofuels, 2009 to 2015

5 Case studies

  • Figure: Rate of progress towards commercialisation of selected companies
  • Table: Summary of key players? technology approach, investors and partners
  • Table: Summary of key players? feedstocks and stage of development
  • 5.2 Companies developing enzymes
  • 5.2.1 Novozymes
  • 5.2.2 Dyadic
  • 5.2.3 Genencor
  • 5.3 Companies investing in cellulosic biofuel
  • 5.3.1 POET
  • 5.3.2 Abengoa Bioenergy
  • 5.3.3 Iogen Energy Corporation
  • 5.3.4 DuPont Danisco
  • 5.3.5 Verenium
  • 5.3.6 Royal Nedalco
  • 5.3.7 Coskata
  • 5.3.8 Virent Energy Systems
  • 5.3.9 Range Fuels
  • 5.3.10 Mascoma
  • 5.3.11 ZeaChem
  • 5.3.12 Bluefire Ethanol
  • 5.3.13 Qteros
  • 5.3.14 Fulcrum BioEnergy
  • 5.3.15 SEKAB

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