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Risk Management Strategies: Monitoring and Surveillance

  • Risk Management Strategies: Monitoring and Surveillance

Risk Management Strategies: Monitoring and Surveillance

Frans J.M. Smulders and John D. Collins

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Author(s): Frans J.M. Smulders and John D. Collins

About The Book

For the veterinarian, monitoring and surveillance represent the best means of ensuring sustainable animal production at a time when consumer demands reflect awareness that many of the hazards associated with food animal production can be minimised or avoided through proper management at the primary production level. Preventive medicine and quality and safety assurance programmes are primarily based on knowledge of the existing strengths and weaknesses of the clients' enterprise and their ability to enact effective intervention measures.

Accordingly, the food animal veterinarian relies upon effective monitoring of current performance and herd health status both for the purpose of maximising efficiency of production and providing an assurance that the primary food product meets required health standards in terms of freedom from those agents of concern that have their origin on the farm. These agents include foodborne parasites, pathogenic bacteria, some of which display a resistance to antimicrobial agents, contaminants of environmental origin, as well as chemical and pharmaceutical residues. The more successful these hazards are addressed at the farm, the better the quality and safety of the final product and their marketing possibilities will be.

Communication between the primary producer and the food processing industry that facilitates real-time exchange of information on these issues is essential for the practice of preventive medicine at the herd and flock level. Integrated food chain quality and safety control programmes, when linked to such monitoring and surveillance principles in regard to both human and animal health, represent the means of achieving sustainable food animal production on a global scale, in line with the conclusions of WTO and EU.

Volume 3 of the "Food Safety Assurance and Veterinary Public Health" series addresses this collaborative approach. Leading international experts from academia, industry and governmental institutions have been identified to deal with the various aspects of this collaborative approach in monitoring and surveillance.

Additional Information

Author Frans J.M. Smulders and John D. Collins
Availability In Print
Dimensions Unknown
Extent 352 Pages
ISBN 9789076998077
Publication date 2005
Book Type Hardcover



Keynote contributions

Risk management strategies in food safety: some issues for the EU

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Development of Food Safety Standards
  • Foodborne agents
  • Simplification of food hygiene legislation
  • The European Food Safety Authority
  • Communicating risk
  • The precautionary principle
  • EU Food and Veterinary Office
  • Border Inspections Posts
  • Future challenges
  • References

Foodborne disease surveillance as a basis for policy-making

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Surveillance
  • Surveillance methods
  • Biases in surveillance data
  • From surveillance to policy: politically relevant science
  • Surveillance for hypothesis-generation: tackling Campylobacter
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Food-borne zoonoses, the EU zoonosis legislation and the prospects for food safety and consumer protection

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Food-borne zoonoses in Europe
  • Zoonosis legislation in the EU
  • Discussion
  • Final observations
  • Acknowledgement
  • References

Can computerised information systems lead to more effective surveillance and monitoring of food safety?

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Data collection
  • Data processing
  • Data analysis
  • Integrated information systems
  • Conclusions
  • References

Bugs in space (and time): Spatial and temporal aspects of risk mitigation in zoonotic disease

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Scale
  • Macro level
  • Meso level
  • Micro level
  • An holistic view
  • Implications for surveillance
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • Refererences

Review of the monitoring and control of BSE in Europe

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Epidemiology and diagnosis of BSE
  • BSE surveillance
  • Conclusion
  • References

Scrapie surveillance in Europe

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Purpose of scrapie surveillance
  • Some challenges in scrapie surveillance
  • How scrapie is monitored in the EU
  • Results of EU scrapie surveillance
  • The need to maximise the explanatory power of scrapie surveillance data
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Estimating risks from consumption of vegetable crops from landspreading of human and animal waste products

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Mathematical approach to quantitative microbiological risk assessment (MRA)
  • The source-pathway-receptor approach to environmental MRA
  • Risks from E. Coli O157 and Cryptosporidium on vegetable crops after application of sewage sludge to land
  • Predicting the number of infections in the UK from consumption of vegetable crops grown in fields to which sewage sludge has been applied
  • Comparison of E. Coli O157 loadings in sewage sludge and composted catering waste
  • Risk assessment for E. Coli O157 in farm manures
  • Risks to animal health from Toxoplasma gondii, Trichinella spiralis and Clostridium botulinum in composted household waste applied to land
  • Conclusions
  • References

Risk assessment and campylobacteriosis

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Risk analysis
  • Microbiological risk assessment
  • Campylobacteriosis
  • Risk assessment of Campylobacter spp. in poultry
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Public health consequences of use of antimicrobial agents in agriculture

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Antimicrobial use in food animals
  • Clinical implications
  • Conclusion
  • References

Antimicrobial surveillance and the emergence of resistance in Campylobacterspp.

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacterspp.
  • Antimicrobial resistance determinants on mobile class 1 integrons
  • Modified topoisomerases-emerging resistance to ciprofloxacin
  • Conclusions
  • References

Molecular characterisation of multidrug resistant S. enterica strains

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Results
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

The integrated surveillance of Salmonella in Denmark and the effect on public health

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Human incidence and trends, 1988-2002
  • Control of Salmonella in feed
  • Control of Salmonella in poultry
  • Control of Salmonella in pork
  • Control of Salmonella in cattle and beef
  • Monitoring of Salmonella in imported products
  • Surveillance of Salmonella in humans
  • Management of monitoring data
  • Determination of the effect on public health
  • Economy of Salmonella control
  • Discussion
  • References

The public health basis for surveillance of infectious intestinal disease in Ireland

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • The development of public health
  • The role of surveillance
  • Steps in policy development and analysis
  • Information for action
  • Common causes of foodborne illness
  • Emerging foodborne infection
  • Bioterrorism
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References

Meat inspection and chain information as part of the Farm to Fork Approach

  • Summary
  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Current meat inspection procedures
  • Shortcomings of the current system of meat inspection
  • A new approach
  • Chain information
  • Integrated system from farm to chilled meat
  • Data recording
  • Cattle and sheep study
  • Pig study
  • Use of the information
  • References

Synopses of other conference contributions

Salmonella control in Irish pig herds

Investigations for risk assessment on the behaviour of Salmonella enteritidis in hen?s eggs

Development of multiplex PCR assay for the simultaneous identification of main pathogenic genes of Escherichia coli in dairy products

Investigation of the modes of transmission of thermophilic Campylobacter in commercially produced broiler flocks

A Quantitative Risk Assessment model for E. coli 0157:H7 in Irish minced beef

Investigations into the risk management of albendazole residues in sheep tissues

Experimental assessment of microbial contamination of mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) during storage at 6øC

Monitoring of some environmental pollutants and aflatoxin M1 in organic and conventional milk

Changes in the profile of the ages of cases of BSE in Ireland

Characterisation of the prion protein gene region in Swiss sheep breeds based on genetic polymorphisms

Studies on management of the histamine risk in fish for human nutrition and pet food based on temperature control

Distribution of standard reactors and visible lesions in Irish Herds

The epidemiology and clinical neurology of scrapie in Ireland

Improved detection methods required for the monitoring and surveillance of vibrio contamination in seafood produce

Establishing integrated monitoring and control systems in food production

Risk modelling of pathogens in meat production

Efficacy of marinades against Listeria monocytogenes

Small ruminant TSE in Switzerland: from sample to diagnosis

A longitudinal surveillance study of Escherichia coli O157 of cattle from the feedlot to the abattoir

Evaluating the diagnostic performance of Trichinella testing of wild boar meat in Lower Austria

HACCP system implementation in an Italian abattoir for large animals

Spatial analysis of Irish bovine spongiform encephalopathy herds

Transfer of foodborne pathogens between animals and the environment in the cattle lairage

Studies on the correlation between staff hygiene and the bacteriological condition of sushi

Risk analysis of mycotoxins in milk in Emilia Romagna

Computer-based system for the optimisation of official veterinary controls

The Prevalence and PCR Detection of Salmonella Contamination in Raw Poultry

Safety improvement of poultry products by high pressure processing



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