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Pastoral Systems in Marginal Environments

  • Pastoral Systems in Marginal Environments

Pastoral Systems in Marginal Environments

J.A. Milne

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Author: J.A. Milne

About The Book

Pastoral systems are some of the most fragile human ecosystems that exist and are under threat from the expansion of cultivation, changes in social patterns and climate change. These ecosystems are of major importance since they contain a rich biological and cultural diversity. The aim of the book is to take a holistic view of pastoral systems by bringing together papers written by specialists in plant and animal ecology with an interest in the application of their research with papers taking an economic and social perspective.

The focus is on marginal environments where the issues are in greatest relief with the papers tackling key issues in semi-arid and disadvantaged temperate areas. The key issues relate to identifying the biological constraints of these pastoral systems, understanding soil/plant/animal relationships, exploring biodiversity, landscape and social issues in multi-functional systems and providing solutions to constraints through a number of case studies. By comparing and contrasting these two environments, the book will be taking a completely new approach to understanding how pastoral systems function and how they will evolve in the future.

The book is of value to all those with an interest in pastoral systems by providing an up-to-date account of current understanding of these multi-functional systems and new insights into how they function and how they will develop in the future.

Additional Information

Author J.A. Milne
Availability In Print
Dimensions Unknown
Extent 216 Pages
ISBN 9789076998749
Publication date 2005
Book Type Softcover

Contents

Foreword

Keynote presentations

  • Constraints to pastoral systems in marginal environments
  • Soil/plant interactions
  • How herbivores optimise diet quality and intake in heterogeneous pastures, and the consequences for vegetation dynamics
  • Land use history and the build-up and decline of species richness in Scandinavian semi-natural grasslands
  • Recreating pastoralist futures
  • Challenges and opportunities for sustainable rangeland pastoral systems in the Edwards Plateau of Texas
  • Working within constraints: managing African savannas for animal production and biodiversity
  • Range-based livestock production in Turkmenistan

Section 1: Biological constraints on pastoral systems in marginal environments

  • A new perennial legume to combat dryland salinity in south-western Australia
  • Diversity and variation in nutritive value of plants growing on 2 saline sites in south-western Australia
  • The long road to developing native herbaceous summer forage legume ecotypes
  • Mortality model for a perennial grass in Australian semi-arid wooded grasslands grazed by sheep
  • Selecting grassland species for saline environments
  • Grazing animal production systems and grazing land characteristics in a semi-arid region of Greece
  • The productivity of coastal meadows in Finland
  • Ear emergence of different grass species under Finnish growing conditions
  • Effects of sowing date and phosphorus fertiliser application on winter survival of lucerne cv. Aohan in the northern semi-arid region of China
  • Reasons for the premature decline in Astragalus adsurgens stands in Kerqin sandy land
  • The influence of fertiliser application to strip-sown grasslands on herbage production and quality
  • The effect of harvest management on forage production and self-reseeding potential of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.)
  • An evaluation of grazing value of maize and companion crops for wintering lactating ewes
  • Yield and mineral concentration changes in maize and Italian ryegrass cropping systems
  • Constraints on dairy cattle production from locally available forages in Bangladesh
  • Pasture management in deer farms in Mauritius

Section 2: Research advances in understanding soil/plant/animal relationships

  • Heterogeneous nutrient distribution across dairy grazing systems in southeastern Australia
  • Fertiliser responses and soil test calibrations for grazed pastures in Australia
  • Modelling basal area of perennial grasses in Australian semi-arid wooded grasslands
  • Diversity of diet composition decreases with conjoint grazing of cattle with sheep and goats
  • Spatial scale of heterogeneity affects diet choice but not intake in beef cattle
  • A simple vegetation criterion (NDF content) may account for diet choices of cattle between forages varying in maturity stage and physical accessibility
  • Do species and functional diversity indices reflect changes in grazing regimes and climatic conditions in northeastern Spain?
  • Species richness affects grassland yield and yield stability across seasons, sites and years
  • The biodiversity value of ?improved? and ?unimproved? saline agricultural land and adjacent remnant vegetation in South Australia
  • Grazing impacts on rangeland condition in semi-arid south-western Africa
  • Soil, plant and livestock interactions in Australian tropical savannas
  • The effect of different grazing managements on upland grassland
  • The effect of fertiliser treatment on the development of rangelands in Argentina
  • Effect of pre-planting seed treatment options on dormancy breaking and germination of Ziziphus mucronata
  • A genecological study of the widespread Australian native grass Austrodanthonia caespitosa (Gaudich.) H.P. Linder.
  • An agronomic evaluation of grazing maize combined with companion crops for sheep in northwestern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
  • Growth, nitrogen and phosphorus economy in two Lotus glaber Mill. cytotypes grown under contrasting P-availability
  • Belowground meristem populations as regulators of grassland dynamics
  • The impact of vegetation structure and spatial heterogeneity on invertebrate biodiversity within upland landscapes
  • The potential for summer-dormant perennial grasses in Mediterranean and semi-arid pastures
  • Improvement of native perennial forage plants for sustainability of Mediterranean farming systems
  • The influence of management on health status of Festuca rubra in mountain meadows
  • Nutritive value of Alopecurus pratensis, Festuca rubra, Arrhenatherum elatius and Lolium perenne grown in the South of Belgium
  • Increasing the productive potential of permanent grasslands from the forest steppe area of Romania
  • The influence of harvest period and fertilisation on the yield of some mixed grass and leguminous species under the forest steppe conditions of North-east Romania
  • Productivity of Sahiwal and Friesian ?Sahiwal crossbreds in marginal grasslands of Kenya
  • Rainfall and grazing impacts on the population dynamics of Bothriochloa ewartiana in tropical Australia
  • Herbage quality of dwarf Napier grass under a rotational cattle grazing system two years after establishment
  • Grazing suitability of various Napier grass varieties in paddocks of different ages
  • Detecting fauna habitat in semi-arid grasslands using satellite imagery
  • The effect of manipulated conservation margins in intensively grazed dairy paddocks on the biodiversity of Pteromalidae and Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Parasitica)
  • Effect on sward botanical composition of mixed and sequential grazing by cattle and sheep of upland permanent pasture in the UK
  • Effect of mixed and sequential grazing by cattle and sheep of upland permanent pasture on liveweight gain
  • Effects of breed and stage of growing season on the metabolic profile of sheep grazing moorland
  • Characterising the fermentation capabilities of gut microbial populations from different breeds of cattle and sheep grazing heathland
  • The performance of cattle on lowland species-rich neutral grassland at three contrasting grazing pressures
  • Nutritional value of pasture forage for sheep in Krkono?e National Park
  • Vegetation dynamics of campos under grazing/fire regimes in southern Brazil
  • Modelling grazing animal distributional patterns using multi-criteria decision analysis techniques
  • Species richness, species identity and ecosystem function in managed temperate grasslands
  • Preference of goats for cool-season annual clovers in the southern United States
  • Production per animal and use of intake estimatives to predicted animal productivity in Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott and Cynodon spp cv. Tifton 85 pastures
  • Ingestive behaviour of steers in native pastures in southern Brazil
  • Challenges in modelling live-weight change in grazed pastures in the Australian sub-tropics
  • Effect of urea-treated Pennisetum pedicellatum and supplementation of concentrates with urea on milk production of ?Mossi? ewes
  • Accumulation of polyphenols and major bioactive compounds in Plantago lanceolata L. as a medicinal plant for animal health and production
  • Effect of stocking rate on a Stipa breviflora Desert Steppe community of Inner Mongolia
  • Using the n-alkane technique to estimate the herbage intake and diet composition of cattle grazing a Miscanthus sinensis grassland

Section 3: Multifunctional pastoral systems: biodiversity, landscape and social issues

  • An ecosystem modelling approach to rehabilitating semi-desert rangelands of North Horr, Kenya
  • Riparian management in intensive grazing systems for improved biodiversity and environmental quality: productive grazing, healthy rivers
  • Contributions of the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service to conserving grasslands on private lands in the United States
  • Protection of agrobiodiversity: model calculations in Rhineland-Palatia: costs and implications for farmers
  • Stocking rate theory and profit drivers in north Australian rangeland grazing enterprises
  • An ecological and economic risk avoidance drought management decision support system
  • Predicting the effects of management on upland birds, economy and employment
  • Managing resources by grazing in grasslands dominated by dominant shrub species
  • A decision support system for rangeland management in degrading environments
  • Modelling the encroachment of farmhouse culture on private village pastures and its environmental fallout in Northern Western Ghats, India
  • Rangeland as a common property resource: contrasting insights from communal areas of central Eastern Cape Province, South Africa
  • Andean pastures in the fourth region of Chile: marginal lands and vital spaces for a transhumance system
  • Australian pasture systems: the perennial compromise
  • The effect of alternative soil amendments on the botanical composition, basal cover, dry matter production and chemical properties of re-vegetated mine land
  • Optimization of the pasture resource in boundary environments as a basis for regional nature management
  • Grazing, biodiversity and pastoral vegetation in the South Sudanien area of Burkina Faso
  • Effects of landscape structure on plants species richness in small grassland remnants in two different landscapes
  • Is biodiversity declining in the traditional haymeadows of Skye and Lochalsh, Scotland?
  • Forage Development in the Nepal mid-hills: new perspectives
  • Forage Arachis in Nepal: a simple success
  • Grazing prohibition programme and sustainable development of grassland in China
  • Hedgerow systems and livestock in Philippine grasslands: GHG emissions
  • Agroforestry systems in Cuba: some aspects of animal production
  • Optimising forage production on degraded lands in the dry tropics through silvopastoral systems
  • How to simplify tools for natural grassland characterisation based on biological measures without losing too much information?
  • Cow-calf production on perennial pastures in the central semi-arid region of Argentina
  • Growth performance of crossbred steers on unfertilised mountain pastures at low stocking rates
  • The milk yield by Cinisara cows in different management systems: 1. Effect of season of calving
  • The milk yield by Cinisara cows in different management systems: 2. Effect of season of production
  • Eating biodiversity: investigating the links between grassland biodiversity and quality food production
  • GLM+ delivers improved natural resource management and production outcomes to extensive grazing properties in the savannas of semi-arid north Queensland, Australia
  • Profitable and sustainable grazing systems for livestock producers with saline land in southern Australia
  • Alternative land use options for Philippine grasslands: a bioeconomic modeling approach using the WaNuLCAS model
  • Sustainable semi-arid grazing management based on indigenous Shona practices prior to introduction of western ideas in Zimbabwe
  • Herders and wetland degradation in northern Cameroon
  • Inner Mongolian herders move toward sustainability and elevate their incomes from Cashmere goat production by reducing grazing pressure on fragile grasslands

Keyword index

Author index

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