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Food Safety Assurance in the Pre-Harvest Phase

  • Food Safety Assurance in the Pre-Harvest Phase

Food Safety Assurance in the Pre-Harvest Phase

Frans J.M. Smulders and John D. Collins

Availability: In stock

Author(s): Frans J.M. Smulders and John D. Collins

About The Book

A considerable number of pre-harvest factors jeopardise the safety of foods of animal origin. These include factors related to the food animal environment (industrial activity in the immediate production surroundings leading to microbiological or chemical contamination), epidemiological factors resulting from intrinsic characteristics of classical and emerging microorganisms, an increasing degree of chemical pollution, husbandry / harvesting practices (particularly associated with animal feed), and veterinary activities introducing antibiotic resistancy of foodborne pathogens.

All of these areas are addressed in this publication by scientists of worldwide repute and affiliated with both Academia and Industry. The involvement of Public Health strategians representing two most powerful tradeblocks (EU and USA) will be extremely important for the scientific community involved in Food Safety Assurance research, as the policies currently set out will inherently have severe impact on associated research strategies in the next decade.

Additional Information

Author Frans J.M. Smulders and John D. Collins
Availability In Print
Dimensions Unknown
Extent 395pp
ISBN 9789076998053
Publication date 2002
Book Type Hardcover



Keynote contributions

The EU food safety action plan

  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The White Paper on Food Safety
  • 3. Issues with an Impact for the Veterinary Public Health Sector
  • 4. Conclusions

Approaches to pre-harvest food safety assurance

  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Statement of the Problem
  • 3. Animal Slaughtering Industry Approaches To Food Safety
  • 4. Responsibilities Of The Pre-harvest Sector
  • 5. Chemical Residues and Antimicrobial Resistance Control Approaches
  • 6. Pre-harvest Microbial Pathogen Control Approaches
  • 7. Conclusions
  • References

Microbiological concerns associated with animal feed production

  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Human Foodborne Diseases
  • 3. Zoonotic Foodborne Diseases
  • 4. Other Relevant Microorganisms and Regulations
  • 5. Special Cases
  • 6. Swill Feeding
  • References

Natural and industrial contaminants in animal feeds: emerging substances

  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Heavy Metals
  • 3. Pesticides and Organic Pollutants
  • 4. Mycotoxins
  • 5. Hormonally Active Substances
  • 6. Conclusions
  • References

The industrial production of safe animal feeds in Europe

  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The EU Legislation
  • 3. Legislation Controlling the Materials which can be Used in Compounded Animal Feeds
  • 4. Legislation Controlling the Manufacture of Compound Animal Feeds
  • 5. FEFAC Guidelines for the Implementation of a Code of Practice for the Manufacture of Animal Feedingstuffs
  • 6. Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points
  • 7. Consumer demands
  • 8. Conclusions
  • References

Modern methodologies for isolation/typing of animal-borne human pathogens: A research update on epidemiological tools I. Recombinant antigens for antibody-based diagnosis

  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Classic Immunoassays Using Native Antigen Preparation
  • 3. Advantages in Using Recombinant Proteins as Target Antigens
  • 4. Generation of Recombinant Antigens
  • 5. Selection of a Target Antigen
  • 6. Recombinant Antigens in Serodiagnostic Applications: Mycoplasma bovis Serology as an Example
  • 7. Drawbacks in Using Recombinant Antigens
  • 8. Use of Recombinant Antigens in Alternative Applications
  • 9. Conclusions
  • References

Modern methodologies for isolation/typing of animal-borne human pathogens: A research update on epidemiological tools II. Quantitative real-time PCR

  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Principle of Real-Time PCR
  • 3. Fidelity of Real-Time PCR assays
  • 4. Influence of Mutations on Sensitivity
  • 5. Multiplex Real-Time PCR Assays
  • 6. Applications in Food Hygiene
  • 7. Conclusions
  • References

Pre-harvest health and quality monitoring, risk assessment and their relevance to the food chain

  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Herd Health Programmes: the Need for Animal and Farm Monitoring
  • 3. Risks Associated with Trade in Livestock
  • 4. Animal Health and International Trade
  • 5. Food Chain Issues
  • 6. Other Examples of Risk Assessment in Livestock Production in Relation to Human Health
  • 7. Conclusions
  • References

Human pathogens associated with on-farm practices - Implications for control and surveillance strategies

  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Zoonoses - Towards a Broadened View
  • 3. Selected Human Pathogens - Spread and Transmission
  • 4. Factors Influencing Human Pathogens at the Farm Level
  • References

Emerging pathogenic bacteria of special interest; epidemiological concerns

  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. An Evolutionary Process
  • 3. The Classics: Milk and Meat
  • 4. Emerging Patterns of Disease
  • 5. Conclusions
  • References

Veterinary drug use in farm animal production and the antibiotic resistance problem

  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Consumption of Antimicrobial Agents for Food Animals
  • 3. Antimicrobial Resistance
  • 4. Prudent Use of Antimicrobial Agents
  • 5. Exclusion or Downgrading of Certain Antimicrobial Agents
  • 6. Discussion
  • 7. Conclusions
  • References

An overview of current research on animal transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE)

  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. History of TSE
  • 3. Origin of BSE and New TSE
  • 4. Connections between Animal and Human TSE
  • 5. Risks to Humans from BSE
  • 6. The TSE Agents and Strains
  • 7. Detection of Infected Animals
  • 8. BSE in Cattle
  • 9. Control Measures
  • 10. Leakiness of Bans and Further Action
  • 11. Mechanically Recovered Meat (MRM)
  • 12. The Role of the World Health Organisation (WHO)
  • 13. The Role of the Office International des pizooties (OIE)
  • 14. European Commission Decisions
  • 15. Other Actions on BSE
  • 16. Network for Control
  • 17. Lessons from the BSE Epidemic
  • 18. Conclusions
  • References

Research-based TSE surveillance strategies in europe

  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Surveillance vs. Monitoring
  • 3. Phases in the Development of Surveillance and Monitoring
  • 4. The TSE Situation in Denmark
  • 5. Discussion
  • 6. Conclusions
  • Acknowledgement
  • References

Safety aspects associated with preharvest conditions of aquatic food products

  • Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Biotoxins
  • 3. Pathogenic Bacteria
  • 4. Viruses
  • 5. Parasites
  • 6. Chemicals
  • 7. Concluding remarks
  • References

Food safety in seafood; epidemiological concerns related to the geography of fishing grounds

  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Basic Aspects of Seafood
  • 3. The Initial Microflora of Seafood
  • 4. Fish Safety Concerns
  • 5. Risks Related to the Geography of Selected Fish Pathogens
  • 6. Conclusions
  • References

Synopses of other conference contributions

Preliminary results of salmonella challenge experiments in broilers fed with fermented liquid feed

Influence of different types of husbandry and feeding on lead contents of selected cattle tissues

C. botulinum contamination in honey

Honey: Relationships between heavy metals content and place of origin

Prevalence of Salmonella along a meat pork production system

Epidemiology of Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia duodenalis on a dairy farm

The influence of the immune status of slaughter pigs on the endogenous contamination of muscle tissue

Yersiniosis: Foodborne disease and underestimated diagnostical problem

Prevalence of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. in Danish turkeys at slaughter

European follow-up study in Salmonella seronegative and seropositive pig herds

The influence of type of production on the occurrence of Salmonella in the Danish table-egg production

Detecting Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia intestinalis from surface water by polymerase chain reaction

Epidemiology of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis in Finland

Prevalence of Clostridium botulinum type B, E and F in faecal samples from Swedish pigs

Epidemiology and evolution of enterobacteriaceae infections in humans and domestic animals: peri- and post-harvest risk identification and quantification of foodborne transmission

Potential for the spread of food-borne pathogens in the cattle lairage environment

The use of plasmid profile analysis to study the epidemiology of salmonellas in broiler chicken flocks

An investigation into the changed physiological state of vibrio organisms as a survival mechanism in response to nutrient limitation at low temperatures

Development of methods to detect Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia in biosolids applied to land

On-farm hazard analysis critical control points (HACCP) for improving the safety of lamb and beef

The disclosure of tuberculous lesions at slaughter in cattle from attested herds in CO. Monaghan in 1995

Animal health & pre-harvest food safety in organic dairy farming

The biocontrol of E. coli O157:H7 at farm level

Alteration of intestinal cell monolayers by pathogenic Escherichia coli : importance of the tracer used to measure paracellular permeability

Epidemiologic study on post mortem findings recorded in an Italian abattoir for sheep

Salmonella prevention in styrian parent flocks

Salmonella monitoring of styrian swine herds

Occurrence of Campylobacter spp. in styrian broiler flocks

An example of the application of HACCP principles and methodology to the safety of raw milk production - monitoring raw milk contamination from udder origin

Live dairy cull cow characteristics and associated microbial contamination

Active surveillance for BSE, targeting risk groups

The cause of variant CJD

A pilot study for bse active surveillance in Italy: Preliminary results

The use of waste animal fats as feedstock for the production of an environmental friendly fuel for diesel engines (biodiesel)

Animal TSE surveillance system in the province of Styria

Lead, mercury and cadmium burden of the german mud flats (Wattenmeer) does not hamper quality of common shrimp

Prevalence of Clostridium botulinum type E in finnish wild and farmed fish

Molecular epidemiology of norwalk-like viruses in Ireland - emerging agents of foodborne disease

A case-study of the microbiological condition of a carp pond and the associated fish quality, with particular reference to human pathogens

Listeria monocytogenes in finnish raw fish

Environment-related factors influencing end-aquaculture product quality, focusing on antibiotics residues at the pre-harvest phase

A comparative assessment of the use of ammonium-ferric(III)- hexacyanoferrate(II) (AFCF) and bentonite from polish geological deposits in reducing the radiocaesium transfer to hen eggs

The two component system PHOP/PHOQ is required for full chloramphenicol resistance in the multiresistant Salmonella typhimurium DT104



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