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Ethical Futures: Bioscience and Food Horizons

  • Ethical Futures: Bioscience and Food Horizons

Ethical Futures: Bioscience and Food Horizons

Kate Millar, Pru Hobson West and Brigitte Nerlich

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Author(s): Kate Millar, Pru Hobson West and Brigitte Nerlich

About The Book

In an ever changing interconnected world, the agriculture and food system faces constant challenges in many forms, such as the impacts of climate change, uncertainty surrounding the use of novel technologies and the emergence of new zoonotic diseases. Alongside these challenges professionals working in the food system are faced with opportunities to improve food production and distribution. As decision-makers attempt to balance these threats and opportunities in order to secure more sustainable production systems, the key question that arises is: What do we envisage as the future for agriculture and food production? With numerous voices advocating different and sometimes conflicting approaches, ranging from organic farming to wider use of GMOs through in vitro meat production, this discussion of the future raises significant ethical questions.

The contributions in this book bring together a diverse group of authors who explore a set of themes relating to the ethical dimensions of the agriculture and food futures, including the role of novel technologies, the potential issues raised by the use of biofuels, the ethics of future animal production systems, concepts of global food security, as well as chapters on food governance priorities and educational aspects. It is intended that this volume serves as an interesting collection and acts as a source of stimulation that will contribute to wider debate and reflection on the future of the agriculture and food system.

Additional Information

Author Kate Millar, Pru Hobson West and Brigitte Nerlich
Availability In Print
Dimensions Unknown
Extent 448 pages
ISBN 9789086861156
Publication date 2009
Book Type Softcover

Contents

Preface

Keynote papers

  • Social justice in sustainable food initiatives: an inquiry
  • Animal futures: the changing face of animal ethics
  • Agrifood nanotechnology: is this anything?

Theme 1 ? Governance of the food system: ethical challenges

  • Overcoming the moral psychology of denial: how to communicate more effectively about food ethics
  • Consequences of the EC framework of health claims made on food: are we protecting the consumer by means of human trials?
  • Developing an ethical aquaculture food index for international food trade
  • Exploring a mode of agri-food governance: international food standard setting and expertise
  • An ethical reflection on the thoughts of Asbj›rn Eide on the right to food
  • The European Common Agricultural Policy, obesity, and organic farming

Theme 2 ? Climate change and the future of farming

  • The price of responsibility: ethics in a time of climate change
  • Climate change and the future of farming: challenges from urban agriculture
  • Animal agriculture and climate change: ethical perspectives
  • Animal ethics in a time of climate changes

Theme 3 ? The ethics of bioenergy: research and technology development

  • Technological innovation and social responsibility: challenges to Bavarian Agriculture and the provision of bioenergy
  • Keeping warm in an ethical way ? is it acceptable to use food crops as fuel?
  • Use of Italian national food survey to estimate CO2 emissions related to ?out of season? consumption: kiwifruits as a case study

Theme 4 ? Animal futures: welfare and ethics

  • Culling of day-old chicks: opening the debates of Moria?
  • Ethical principles for the use of animals in Austrian legislation
  • Conserving poultry biodiversity: choosing is not always losing! 130
  • Comparative analysis of the inclusion of animal ethics in European animal welfare policy-making
  • Principles of animal ethics in Norwegian legislation and governance
  • Ethics for vets: can ethics help to improve animal disease control?
  • Can improved ethical labelling boost the consumption of animal welfare-friendly meat products? Experiences from the Danish market for eggs and pork
  • Bringing evidence into public deliberations on animal research: the case of research animals used in the development of food for obese people
  • Can killing be justified: a dismissal of the replaceability argument
  • In vitro meat ? some moral issues

Theme 5 ? Innovation in animal ethics teaching

  • A framework to address conflicts in veterinary responsibilities
  • How to assess what comes out of ethics teaching in veterinary science programmes
  • www.animalethicsdilemma.net: a learning resource for university lecturers in animal sciences and veterinary medicine
  • A skill-based approach to the teaching of ethics in the life sciences ? experiences from Denmark
  • Teaching animal ethics to veterinary students in Europe: examining aims and methods

Theme 6 ? Sustainability in food production

  • Awareness and attitudes of consumers to sustainable food
  • Agricultural entrepreneurship and sustainability ? is it a good or bad fit?
  • Food production and sustainability
  • ?ALMO?: a bottom-up approach in agricultural innovation
  • Sustaining ethical trade in farmed aquatic products between Asia and the EU
  • Use of traditional techniques in food production: market competitiveness and sustainability in an Italian case study
  • Care and responsibility as key concepts of agricultural ethics
  • Governing scarce water: what should retailers do?
  • Food distribution: exploring ethical futures

Theme 7 ? Concepts of risk, trust and safety in the food system

  • Food industry: risk factory in the risk society?
  • Five steps to trustworthiness
  • Cisgenic crops: more natural, more acceptable
  • Ambiguous food products: consumers? views on enhanced meat
  • How can consumer trust in organic products be enhanced?

Theme 8 ? Global food security

  • Global food security: should agricultural research change its perspective?
  • The food professional?s dilemma: a healthy diet or a healthy profit?
  • Food insecurity, human rights, and gender inequalities
  • Food security and genetically modified crops: oversimplified answers to complex riddles?

Theme 9 ? Participatory methods and ethical analysis in biotechnology appraisal

  • Evaluating participatory methods
  • New epistemologic perspectives in biotechnology ethics: the case of GM fish
  • The normative evaluation of the societal interface group
  • Are consumers? expectations of ?GMO-free? labels answered by production qualities?

Theme 10 ? Foundational issues in agriculture and food ethics

  • The 6 F?s of agriculture
  • Insidious ignorance or burst of biophilia: cultural uses of educational farms in Norway
  • Ethics as a concern in agriculture and food research funding programmes of the Agence Nationale de la Recherche
  • Beauchamp and Childress? four principles applied to animal ethics issues
  • The ethical diversity of Europe: from cause for embarrassment to source of enlightenment
  • Ethical food: moral or practical dilemma?

Theme 11 ? Ethical matrix development

  • One step beyond the ethical matrix: the sequel on ethical frameworks
  • Applying the ethical matrix method: learning from experience
  • Natural law and the ethical matrix: putting theory into practice
  • Use of ethical matrices in formulating policies to address the obesity crisis

Theme 12 ? Ethical dimensions of organic food and farming

  • Communication of ethical activities going beyond organic standards in European organic enterprises
  • A conceptual framework for the communication of ethical values going beyond standards in organic farming
  • Consumers? preferences for ethical values of organic food
  • Testing of communication tools on ethical values with focus groups

Theme 13 ? Other contributions

  • Functional bodies, functional foods: how will health be re-defined?
  • Efforts of the international community to address the issue of food security against the background of global environmental change
  • Farmers and professional autonomy: from human right to civil duty
  • Short supply chains as a criterion for sustainable food production and consumption
  • Moral consideration of plants for their own sake

Authors index

Keyword index

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