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Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition - Eaap 124

  • Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition - Eaap 124

Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition - Eaap 124

I. Ortigues-Marty

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Author(s): I. Ortigues-Marty

About The Book

This book is the result of the 2nd International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition. It presents the latest results on energy and protein metabolism and nutrition. It is oriented towards livestock science but also addresses general aspects of protein and energy metabolism as applied to animals or biomedical sciences. The book is based around the following five key topics:

  • Nutrition and mitochondrial functions
  • Regulation of body composition and/or product quality by tissue metabolism
  • 'Omics' in metabolism and nutrition studies
  • Coordination between tissues for the metabolic utilisation of nutrients
  • From the parts to the whole or how to use detailed information to answer applied questions

Widely different approaches ranging from fundamental to integrative approaches are applied to key concepts of nutrition. Fundamental research is translated into practical outcomes through active links with applied research and practical applications. The newest research techniques and methods are also addressed and the outcomes presented provide an integrated view of this topic. The conclusions may eventually be integrated into systems of nutritional recommendations as new nutritional challenges emerge.

This book will be of interest to all professionals and researchers who concern themselves with developments in animal and human nutrition.

Additional Information

Author I. Ortigues-Marty
Availability In Print
Dimensions Unknown
Extent 646 Pages
ISBN 9789086860418
Publication date 2007
Book Type Hardcover


Untitled DocumentPreface

Part 1. Nutrition and mitochondrial functions

  • On-going and prospective research on nutrition and mitochondrial functions
  • Insulin modulates the decrease of oxidative phosphorylation induced by ingested butyrate. NMR study on the isolated and perfused rat liver
  • Effects of a diet enriched in trans fatty acids (trans MUFA) on muscle mitochondrial functions and development of insulin resistance in rodents
  • Up-regulation or activation of avian UCP attenuates mitochondrial ROS production and oxidative damage in broiler chickens exposed to acute heat stress
  • Relationships between hepatic mitochondrial function and residual feed intake in growing beef calves
  • Interaction between adipose tissue and skeletal muscle in the control of muscle mitochondrial functions
  • Influence of protein-free diet on morphology of rat hepatocytes? mitochondrium
  • Expression of uncoupling proteins and mitochondrial activity are dependent on muscular fibre type in rabbits and chickens
  • Regulation of mitochondrial and tissue oxidations by thyroid hormones in chicken muscle
  • Variation in animal energy expenditure and mitochondrial function and protein expression
  • Cardiac muscle UCP-3 expression in relation to nutrient intake and beef cattle metabolism
  • Inter-muscular variability of metabolic properties of bovine muscle fibres

Part 2. Regulation of body composition and/or product quality by tissue metabolism

2. Body composition and/or product quality

  • Regulation of marbling and body composition - growth and development, gene markers and nutritional biochemistry
  • Protein and selected mineral deposition in the body of pigs during compensatory growth
  • Meal feeding regulates S6K1 phosphorylation but not that of 4E-BP1 in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) muscle
  • Dietary methionine supply affects the amino acid composition of body proteins
  • Does a time interval for methionine supplementation favour weight gain and body composition? A model study with growing rats
  • Effects of dietary protein level and feed intake on amino-acid gain and composition in growing and fattening Iberian pigs
  • Study, in model system, of the effect of oxidation on myofibrillar protein digestibility
  • Effects of maternal nutrition on birth weight and postnatal nutrient metabolism
  • Glucose metabolism and its relation to milk production in F2 offspring of Charolais ž Holstein crosses
  • Expression of beta-adrenergic receptors during lactation in Holstein dairy cattle
  • Investigations on the storage of ?-3 and ?-6 fatty acids in the dry period and their transfer into milk fat in early lactation
  • Live weight, body size, fatness and carcass characteristics of young bulls of fifteen European breeds
  • Metabolic and contractile characteristics of Longissimus thoracis muscle of young bulls from 15 European breeds in relationship with body composition
  • Deposition of protein, fat and energy in lambs of the breed German Merino Landsheep
  • Impact of vitamin D3 and vitamin E by feeding on meat quality parameters of beef and pork
  • Influence of various Iodine supply on growing-finishing performance and on Iodine status of pigs

    2A. Regulation of lipid deposition and intramuscular lipids
  • Intramyocellular lipid accumulation and insulin resistance development
  • Regional specifities in transcriptomic profiles of adipocytes isolated from skeletal muscle or adipose tissues in growing pigs
  • Effect of a reduced protein diet on expression of lipogenic enzymes in relation to intramuscular fat formation in the pig
  • Changes in liver metabolic pathways induced by dietary energy and selection for muscle fat content in rainbow trout
  • Reduced intake of dietary amino acid promotes accumulation of intramuscular fat in the Longissimus dorsi muscle of finishing pigs
  • Triacylglycerol synthesis and secretion in Atlantic salmon hepatocytes: effect of dietary lipids
  • Effect of fish and plant oils on lipid composition and fatty acid ??oxidation in adipose tissue of Atlantic salmon
  • Performance, blood lipids and fatty acid composition of tissues of rabbits fed diets supplemented with conjugated linoleic acid
  • Synthesis and desaturation of cis9, trans11 CLA in adipose tissue of Charolais steers and cull cows
  • Inclusion of rapeseed oil in the diet to improve the performance of silage-fed fattening cattle

    2B. Regulation of milk production and composition
  • The regulation of amino acid utilisation by insulin in the lactating ewe mammary gland
  • Does a dietary arginine deficiency limit milk protein yield?
  • Feeding measures to improve nitrogen efficiency in dairy cattle
  • Constraints in estimating N-excretion from the milk urea content in dairy cows
  • Estimation of the intra-mammary metabolic fate of glucose and acetate in response to longer milking intervals in dairy cows
  • Dietary and mammary components of milk fat depression: insights from a meta-analysis of literature data
  • Effect of rumen-protected conjugated linoleic acid in combination with propylene glycol or rumen protected fat on performance and metabolic parameters of early lactation dairy cows
  • Effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on milk composition of dairy cows
  • Effect of flaxseed and rapeseed supplementation during the last trimester of pregnancy and lactation in sows on fatty acid composition in their milk
  • Variations in mammary extraction of nutrients under the effect of a 36-h milk accumulation into the udder in dairy cows
  • Response to diet quality of two cattle genotypes at 200 and 3600 m altitude in milk yield and composition and nitrogen and energy utilization
  • Milk production as a function of energy and protein source supplementation follows the saturation kinetics typical of enzyme systems

    2C. Regulation of muscle protein deposition and loss
  • Development of low grade inflammation during aging impaired postprandial muscle protein synthesis in rat skeletal muscle
  • Effect of immune system stimulation and dietary methionine plus cysteine intake on protein deposition and digestibility in growing pigs
  • The ubiquitin and caspase systems are sequentially regulated in the rat gastrocnemius muscle during casting immobilisation and recovery
  • Relation between protein degradation and oxidative stress during aging in rat muscle
  • Changes in the expression of selected proteins elucidate skeletal muscle type-specific resistance to glucocorticoid-induced muscle cachexia
  • Amino acid signalling: methionine regulates the S6K1 pathway and protein synthesis in avian QM7 myoblasts
  • AMPK regulates the S6K1 pathway and protein synthesis in avian QM7 myoblasts
  • Decreased nutritional responsiveness of S6K1 in the breast muscle of genetically fat chickens
  • Leucine suppresses myofibrillar proteolysis by down-regulating ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in chick skeletal muscles
  • Skeletal muscle response to an endotoxin injection followed by malnutrition is similar in low-grade inflamed and non-inflamed old rats
  • Estrogenic and isoflavonic actions on differentiation and protein metabolism in porcine muscle satellite cell cultures
  • Protein deposition in the body, content of nucleic acids in the mld muscle of pigs as affected by limitation of protein during growing period

    2D. Perinatal metabolic programming
  • Temporary consumption of a soy-based diet induces persisting alterations in protein metabolism and oxidative stress responsiveness in juvenile pigs
  • Influence of metabolic imprinting during early growth period on muscle development and intramuscular adipogenesis in Japanese Black steers
  • Growth and differentiation of the chicken Pectoralis major muscle: effect of genotype and early nutrition
  • Effect of in utero metabolic programming on postnatal growth of mink kits
  • Glucose tolerance in pregnant sows and liver glycogen in neonatal piglets is influenced by diet composition in gestation
  • Heat production in chicken embryos
  • Nutritional programming due to maternal high protein diet reduces offspring birth weight and body weight and is genotype dependent in mice

    2E. Novel techniques for novel results in energy expenditure and body composition
  • Comparing techniques to estimate energy expenditure on physical activity in individually housed dairy cows
  • Quantitative partitioning of energy expenditure in pregnant ewes
  • A calorimetry system for metabolism trials
  • Inter-laboratory test for gas concentration measurements of the R3C network calorimetric chambers
  • Determining cattle production efficiency without measuring the intake
  • Use of the heart rate method and GPS for direct field estimation of the energy cost of cow grazing activity: effects of season and plot size
  • Heart rate measurements as an index of energy expenditure and energy balance in ruminants: a review
  • Adaptation of night median heart rate in calorimetric chambers versus in free living conditions: a critical evaluation
  • Effect of cold exposure on natural abundance of 13C and heat production in Spanish goats by the CO2 entry rate technique
  • Characterisation of lipid distribution in rainbow trout by magnetic resonance, colour vision and histology imaging techniques

    2F. Novel techniques for novel results in organ balance, in vitro tissue metabolism and nutrient ?tracing? studies
  • Metabolic fate of carbohydrates from milk replacer in heavy milk-fed calves
  • Measurement of fatty acid oxidation in swine using 13C labeled fatty acids
  • Mathematical analysis of human [13CO2]-breath test results: post prandial fate of amino acids is related to their dietary form
  • Effect of graded dietary tryptophan levels on [1-13C]leucine oxidation and nitrogen deposition in growing pigs
  • Endogenous nitrogen flows in the digestive tract of lactating dairy cows: comparison between estimations using total 15N versus 15N-amino acid isotope dilution
  • A multi-isotope approach to studying arginine metabolism in neonatal piglets
  • Mutations in metabolic pathways, what role does genetic background play?
  • Gut function of pigs in relation to weaning
  • Combination of two approaches to study the mammary use of glucose for lactose synthesis in dairy cows: net mammary balance and RNA levels
  • Molecular markers for a delicate balance between protein and lipid metabolism in subcutaneous fat tissue of beef cow

Part 3. ?Omics? in metabolism and nutrition studies

  • Lexic of the ?Omics?
  • Nutrigenomics: techniques and applications
  • Hepatic gene expression of gluconeogenic and glycolytic enzymes as indicators of the activity of carbohydrate metabolism in mink
  • Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids reduce expression of colonic inflammatory genes in interleukin-10 knockout mice
  • Skatole increases expression of detoxification genes in the ovine liver
  • Gene expression in adipose tissue of dairy cattle changes in early lactation or with supplemental chromium, integrating expression into metabolic models
  • Transcriptomic profile in mammary gland is modified by nutrition in lactating goats
  • Effect of fasting on the thalamus/hypothalamus in cows - a proteomics analysis
  • Comparative transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of pig longissimus muscles differing in intramuscular fat content
  • Bovine PRKAG3 gene expression and association with glycogen content
  • Intestinal and ruminal epithelial and hepatic metabolism regulatory gene expression as affected by forage to concentrate ratio in bulls
  • Genomic tools to analyse bovine muscle and adipose tissues transcriptomes
  • Effect of inoculation with intestinal bacteria on intestinal gene expression in the interleukin-10 knockout mouse
  • Modification of gene expression involved in muscle growth and energy metabolism according to growth capacity in young Charolais bulls
  • The myogenic influence of triiodothyronine nuclear and mitochondrial pathways explored by transcriptome analysis
  • Functional genomics of rat skeletal muscle during aging
  • Intestinal mucosa proteome analysis in goat kids fed milk or soy protein based diets
  • Influence of catechin on urinary metabolic profiles and antioxidant status in hyperlipidic diets-fed rats by using a LC-Qtof-based metabonomic approach
  • Impact of the ingestion of polyphenols and fruits rich in polyphenols on atherosclerosis studied on apoE deficient mice by a transcriptomic approach
  • AGENAE ? GENANIMAL: the French research program in animal genomics
  • FUGATO - Functional genome analysis in animal organisms
  • Nutrigenomics New Zealand ? tailoring New Zealand foods to match people?s genes; a case study

Part 4. Coordination between tissues for the metabolic utilisation of nutrients4. Splanchnic metabolism and interorgan exchanges of nutrients

  • Interorgan exchange of amino acids: what is the driving force?
  • Intake of fermentable fiber stimulates mucin and mucosal protein synthesis in the pig colon
  • Impact of a low dietary threonine supply on protein synthesis, amino acid deposition and composition of the intestine and the carcass of piglets
  • Intestinal valine irreversible loss rate during an established Trichostrongylus colubriformis infection in lambs
  • Contribution of the digestive tract and the liver to the whole body metabolism of phenylalanine and leucine in growing lambs
  • Net flux of amino acids across splanchnic tissues of ewes during abomasal protein and glucose infusion
  • Effect of abomasal glucose infusion on splanchnic glucose metabolism in freshening dairy cows
  • Portal recovery of glucose infused into the abomasum of lactating dairy cows
  • Amino acid and energy metabolism by the portal-drained viscera of beef steers: quantitative relationships with metabolizable energy intake
  • Effect of polyethylene glycol on the net flux of amino acids in the mesenteric- and portal-drained viscera in lactating ewes fed Sulla, a condensed tannin forage 345
  • Splanchnic net release and body retention of nitrogen in growing lambs fed diets unbalanced for energy and protein
  • Partitioning of nitrogen net fluxes across the portal-drained viscera in sheep: effect of dietary protein rumen degradability
  • Can liver protein synthesis be affected by an imbalanced dietary supply of energy or nitrogen in growing lambs?
  • A stimulation of protein metabolism in the whole intestine is the main cause of the decreased nutritional value of a pectin supplemented diet
  • Ruminal fermentation, portal absorption and hepatic metabolism of glycerol infused into the rumen of lactating dairy cows
  • Identification of a vacuolar H+-ATPase as a new energy consuming mechanism in rumen epithelium of sheep and cattle

    4A. Regulations by nutrients, hormones and nervous system
  • Reduced insulin responses by asynchronous protein and lactose intake in veal calves despite high plasma glucose levels
  • Modulation of adipose tissue metabolism in periparturient dairy cattle through pre partum administration of thiazolidinediones
  • Glucagon-like peptide 2 inhibits intestinal lysosomal proteolysis and improves small intestinal recovery in refed starved rats
  • Postprandial blood hormone and metabolite responses influenced by feeding frequency and feeding level in heavy veal calves
  • The role of feeding regimens in regulating metabolism of broiler breeders: hepatic lipid metabolism, plasma hormones and metabolites
  • The relation between circulating ghrelin and vitamin A during the fattening period in Japanese Black steers
  • Effects of rumen protected choline on selected metabolites and liver constituents in dairy goats within the first month of lactation
  • Rare earth elements (REE) in piglets feeding ? performance and thyroid hormone status
  • Role of the 5?AMP-activated protein kinase in reproduction: a possible involvement in the central regulation
  • Chicken liver glucokinase is activated by a glucokinase activator
  • Effects of in ovo amino acids or glucose administration on hexokinase activity in hatching muscle of broiler embryos
  • Effect of conjugated linoleic acid on gluconeogenesis, glycogen turnover and IGF-1 synthesis in primary culture of porcine hepatocytes
  • Serum profile of metabolites and hormones of growing Iberian gilts fed diets supplemented with betaine, conjugated linoleic acid or both

    4B. Health and metabolism
  • Association of plant extracts rich in polyphenols and vitamin E efficiently prevents lipoperoxidation in plasma of sheep fed a n-3 PUFA rich diet
  • Cardiac oxidative stress in high fat/high sucrose fed rats is mainly due to NADPH oxidase overexpression. Protective effects of polyphenols
  • The effect of sodium ascorbate, trolox and 3-hydroxy-3-methylbutyrate on apoptosis induced by oxidative stress in C2C12 cells without dystrophin
  • Effects of inflammation in peripartum dairy cows on milk yield, energy balance and efficiency
  • Dietary L-carnitine enhances the acute phase response in chickens
  • Dietary ?-hydroxy-?-methylbutyrate supplementation influences performance differently after immunisation in broiler chickens
  • The comparative study of effects of Immunowall© (prebiotics) and Avilamycin on amounts of humoral immunity of broiler chickens
  • Non-specific resistance state in rats fed a protein free diet
  • Feeding a lower-protein, amino-acid supplemented diet has no effect on growth performance but reduces post-weaning diarrhoea in pigs
  • Protein balance of lambs infected with Haemonchus contortus and fed tanniniferous sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia)
  • Venous blood gas in Holstein steers fed diets with different concentrate to alfalfa hay ratios
  • Long-term physical activity does not influence the glycemic index in women

    4C. Nitrogen digestion and recycling
  • Source of nitrogen for pig gut microbes: effect of feeding fermentable fiber
  • Effects of metabolizable protein supply on nitrogen metabolism and recycling in lactating dairy cows
  • Effect of ruminal degradable nitrogen deficit on nitrogen metabolism in growing doublemuscled Belgian Blue bulls fed beet pulp silage based diet
  • Methodological considerations for the determination of standardised ileal digestibilities of amino acids in newly weaned pigs
  • Effects of feeding duration and ruminal nitrogen and energy release rates on nitrogen balance and microbial synthesis in sheep
  • Timing of herbage and fasting allocation alters nutrient supply in grazing cattle
  • Effect of water-soluble carbohydrate on rumen nitrogen kinetics of steers given perennial ryegrass silage measured by 15N-tracer methodology
  • Effect of toasting organic field beans on starch and NDF digestibility and rumen microbial protein synthesis in dairy cows
  • Pattern and rate of urea infusion into the rumen alter N balance and plasma NH4 + in wethers
  • Effects of dietary crude protein and ruminally-degradable protein on urea recycling and microbial protein production in beef heifers
  • Effect of potato pulp as a dietary carbohydrate source on nitrogen excretion and urea metabolism in sheep
  • The effect of dietary pectin on concentration of free amino acids and urea in blood plasma of young pigs
  • Effect of different energy supply on microbial protein synthesis and renal urea handling in Corriedale sheep consuming temperate fresh forages
  • The effect of potato protein and potato fibre on amino acid digestibility, small intestinal structure and on N-balance and performance of young pigs

Part 5. From the parts to the whole of how to use detailed information to answer applied questions5. Protein-energy interactions

  • Protein-energy interactions: horizontal aspects
  • Vertical integration from ?omics? to the whole organism
  • Intravenous administration of lysine and threonine to a deficient diet results in low nitrogen utilization in preruminant calves
  • The use of glutamine and glutamate for gluconeogenesis and non-essential amino acid synthesis in late term chicken embryos
  • Metabolic flexibility of lactating mink (Mustela vison) is not reflected at transcriptional level but by changes in functional liver mass
  • Heat production in broilers is not affected by dietary crude protein
  • Diet-induced thermogenesis and feed intake regulation in the chicken: effect of diet and genotype
  • Protein intake but not feed intake may affect dietary net energy for finishing pigs
  • Influence of dietary protein/energy ratio on growth, body composition, protein, lipid and energy retentions as well as amino acid metabolism of Nile tilapia
  • Efficiency of energy and protein deposition in swine during compensatory growth measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)
  • Dynamic integration of biological processes into models: contribution to prediction of cattle growth and body composition

    5A. Whole organism energy metabolism
  • The efficiency of utilisation of metabolisable energy of diets rich in saturated or polyunsaturated fats in broiler chickens
  • Energy utilization and growth responses of broilers to supplementation of enzyme cocktails
  • Phytase reverses negative effect of dietary phosphorus reduction on energy metabolism in growing pigs fed restrictively
  • Effects of feed intake in the rate of protein deposition in heavy Iberian pigs
  • Feeding frequency alters protein and energy metabolism of sows fed 1 ž and 2 ž the energy requirement for maintenance
  • Influences of feeding intensity on protein and energy deposition in calves
  • Energy metabolism and energy requirement for maintenance of Brahman steers in tropical conditions
  • Effects of dairy cow genotype and plane of nutrition on energy partitioning between milk and body tissue
  • Comparison of energy consumption and respiratory quotient in chicken embryos with different growth rate
  • Incubation circumstances affect energy metabolism in avian embryos
  • Heat production of two lineages of broilers fed diets of different physical form
  • Energy metabolism of high productive laying hens in daily light and dark periods
  • Studies on energy needs and nitrogen metabolism of cats during pregnancy and lactation
  • Changes in energy metabolism during gestation and lactation in sows
  • Determination of the energy cost of physical activity in veal calves
  • The relationships between fasting energy expenditure and intermediary metabolites in growing lambs
  • Energy requirements of gestating Santa Inˆs ewes
  • Adaptational response of energy metabolism to varying environmental conditions in Hereford oxen

    5B. Whole organism protein metabolism
  • Changing dietary lysine level from a deficient to a sufficient level greatly enhances growth rate of growing rats
  • The effect of dietary methionine concentrations on the efficiency of energy utilisation in broiler chickens
  • Nitrogen metabolites and enzymatic activity during the weaning period in goat kids
  • Influence of dietary tryptophan concentration on performance and dietary selection by starting pigs
  • Histidine maintenance requirement and the efficiency of its utilisation for protein accretion in pigs
  • Protein oxidation measured by breath test in mink fed bacterial protein meal
  • Response of pigs in the weight ranges 35 to 60 kg and 80 to 100 kg to increasing ileal digestible Threonine: ileal digestible Lysine ratios in the diet
  • Lysine requirement for maintenance in growing pigs
  • Maintenance protein requirement and efficiency of utilization in poultry
  • Oral and intravenous phenylalanine kinetics in adult mixed hounds
  • Effect of feeding carefully dried and ensiled tanniniferous sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia) on protein metabolism of lambs
  • Intake of fermentable fibre and body protein deposition in pigs fed methionine or tryptophan limiting diets
  • Influence of dietary benzoic acid on nitrogen metabolism in growing/finishing pigs
  • Growth response of pigs to dietary threonine:lysine ratio is affected by the withdrawal of anti microbial growth promoters

    5C. Multicriteria evolution of nutritional recommendations
  • Empirical modelling by meta-analysis of digestive interactions and CH4 production in ruminants
  • Evaluation of the German net energy system and estimation of the energy requirement of cows on the basis of an extensive data set from feeding trials
  • Development of a simple nutrient based feed evaluation model: net energy versus glycogenic nutrient supply in predicting milk output
  • A new practical feed evaluation system for pigs
  • Prediction of the metabolizable energy intake and energy balance of goats with the Small Ruminant Nutrition System model
  • Inter- and intraindividual variation of feed intake and metabolic parameters of dairy cows related to energy supply

    5D. Modelling and meta-analysis
  • Assessment of duodenal starch as a predictor of portal absorption of glucose in ruminants
  • Energy and protein requirements of purebred and crossbred Nellore bulls, steers, and heifers: a meta-analysis evaluation
  • Portal absorption of N: partition between amino acids and ammonia in relation with nitrogen intake in ruminants
  • Effects of protein supply on whole body glucose rate of appearance and mammary gland metabolism of energy nutrients in ruminants
  • Nitrogen transactions along the gastrointestinal tract in cattle: a meta-analytical approach
  • Predicting in vivo production of volatile fatty acids in the rumen from dietary characteristics by meta-analysis: description of available data
  • Relationship between intestinal supply of essential amino acids and their mammary metabolism in the lactating dairy cow
  • Effect of species (ovine, bovine) and feeding level on portal blood flows and net volatile fatty acid (VFA) fluxes: a meta-analysis
  • Bibliographical database applied to ruminant nutrition
  • Alternative regression approaches when modelling energy components
  • Comparison of mathematical models to evaluate various in situ ruminant feed crude protein degradation kinetics
  • Modelling energy partition in growing pigs
  • Using meta-analysis to study residual feed intake and CVDS model predictions of feed intake and efficiency in growing and finishing cattle
  • Net partial efficiencies of metabolizable energy utilization for protein and fat gain in Nellore cattle
  • Residual feed intake, energy and protein metabolism in beef steers
  • Body nutrient composition of two broiler chicken strains

    5E. Feed evaluation and methanogenesis
  • Rumen methanogenesis of dairy cows in response to increasing levels of dietary extruded linseeds
  • Energy utilisation and methane conversion rate in Indonesian indigenous sheep fed Napier grass supplemented with pollard
  • Methane production in lactating dairy cows on fat or corn silage rich diets compared to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates
  • Manipulation of rumen methanogenesis with saponin-containing plant extracts
  • Influence of tanniniferous shrubs (Calliandra calothyrsus and Flemingia macrophylla) in tropical diets on energy metabolism and methane emission of lambs
  • Enteric methane emission of Japanese native goats
  • Energy value of wheat bran and dried beet pulp in finishing Italian heavy pigs
  • Energy value of crude glycerol in 11 and 110 kg pigs
  • Quantitative and qualitative analyses of seed storage proteins from toxic and non-toxic varieties of Jatropha curcas L
  • Potato protein concentrate ? nutritional value and effects on gut morphology, ileal digestibility, and caecal fermentation in rats
  • Effect of mannan oligosaccharides on protein metabolism in broiler chickens depending on the dietary fibre content of the feed
  • Lowered feed consumption and utilisation of diets containing Acacia villosa leaves in experimental female rats
  • Estimating forage digestibility from faecal crude protein concentration in grazing sheep
  • Effects of feeding different levels of lauric acid on ruminal protozoa kinetics and fermentation pattern in dairy cows
  • Effect of different energy supply on rumen fermentation of Corriedale sheep consuming temperate fresh forage

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