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Mycotoxins Quo Vadis? Why Feed Additives?

  • Mycotoxins Quo Vadis? Why Feed Additives?

Mycotoxins Quo Vadis? Why Feed Additives?

Radu Marti, Razvan Mihail Radu-Rusu, Coordinator – Prof. Ioan Vacaru-Opris

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Authors: Radu Marti, Razvan Mihail Radu-Rusu, Coordinator – Prof. Ioan Vacaru-Opris

About The Book

Mycotoxins – Quo Vadis? Why feed additives? is a practical guide to feed management, with a practical focus on combatting the threat of mycotoxins.
Topics covered include:

  • The Threat of Mycotoxins
  • The Importance of Feed Additives and Their Classification
  • Pragmatism and Perseverance in the Fight Against Mycotoxins
  • Research Findings on the Deactivation of Mycotoxins and Detoxification in Broiler Feed

The book is targeted at students in the fields of Animal Science (Poultry science, Animal nutrition, Feed additives and contaminants, HACCP in the feed industry), Food safety, Veterinary medicine (Toxicology and mycotoxicology, Pathological physiology, Morphopathology etc.), at the BSc, MSc and PhD levels, as well as to professionals and farmers within poultry farming, crop production and feed manufacturing. Although the contents of the book are based on research and field experiences/farm experiments in Europe, their findings are thoroughly relevant and applicable to students and researchers all over the world.

About The Authors

The authors are PhD-holders, two of them are academic staff. The main author is involved in feed additives research and usage.

Background & Further Information

The development of fungi in cereal crops as well as in warehouses leads to losses in grain yields and nutritional qualities and the occurrence of mycotoxins. As secondary toxic metabolites, mycotoxins are extremely harmful to both humans and animals, and can have a hugely adverse economic impact on animal performance. For this reason, keeping the development of molds under control is essential to maintaining the nutritional value of cereals and avoiding the contamination of feed with mycotoxins. In spite of the various preventive measures taken to ensure mycotoxin-free feed, the raw materials used to produce complete feed can be (easily?) contaminated. A series of feed additives, generically known as mycotoxin inhibitors, mycotoxin ligands or detoxification agents may successfully counteract the negative effects of mycotoxins on the immune system, animal production and food safety.
This book includes a brief presentation of the main categories of feed additives used in animal feed with a focus on poultry feed. Special attention is given to understanding the mechanisms involved in the intoxication of feed with fungal metabolites as well as combating their undesirable effects on the animals? productive performances. The book also reveals practical studies based on five extended trials on broiler chickens given naturally or experimentally contaminated feed. These widely applicable studies were carried out both in practical farm settings as well as under laboratory conditions, and in the sectors of commercial production, education and research. The results, as revealed in this book, speak volumes for themselves.

Additional Information

Author Radu Marti, Razvan Mihail Radu-Rusu, Coordinator – Prof. Ioan Vacaru-Opris
Availability In Print
Dimensions 245x175x24 mm
Extent 282 Pages
ISBN 9783200028753
Publication date 2013
Book Type Hardcover

Contents

FOREWORD

The view of a specialist on the book 

INTRODUCTION 

Generalist aspects on poultry farming relevance and the ways to improve it or the facts that threatens it, including a brief mycotoxins survey. 

CHAPTER I 

ANIMAL REARING BETWEEN ILLUSION AND PRAGMATISM
Depiction of the state of facts in animal rearing, including statistics and also certain prejudices or real-ideal dualism in animal rearing, comprising certain controversial aspects related to health issues that animal originated food could cause in humans and also to animals welfare. 

CHAPTER II 

FEED ADDITIVES – FETISH OR REALITY? 
Overview on the gut microbiota and its role on animal health and performance. Presentation of the interactions of certain feed additives with these microorganisms and with other metabolic and health mechanisms in animals. 

CHAPTER III 

CLASSIFICATION OF FEED ADDITIVES AND THEIR ROLE
Brief review of the main feed additives categories, others than those additives used to fight against mycotoxins and their effect (nutritional additives: vitamins, oligoelements, synthetic amino acids; pronutritional additives: enzymes, antimicrobial agents, probiotics, prebiotics, antioxidants, emulsifiers; non nutritional additives: preservatives, binders, flavors, sweeteners, pigments, environmental preservation agents, coccidiostats and histomonostats 

CHAPTER IV

MYCOTOXINS – “SILENT KILLERS”. WHERE DO THEY COME FROM? SINCE WHEN? WHERE ARE THEY HEADING? 
Comprehensive study on the mycotoxins contamination level across the world, the ways of fighting them, mycotoxins nomenclature and sources, their chemical structure and the effects on animal and human health.

CHAPTER V 

PERSONAL RESEARCH ON THE INACTIVATION AND THE DETOXIFICATION OF MYCOTOXINS IN BROILER CHICKENS’ FEED
In extenso presentation of five original experimental trials, conducted by the authors in fighting certain mycotoxins (deoxynyvalenol and ochratoxin A) existing in poultry feed. The experimental factors consisted in certains contamination levels in feed and also the usage of certain feed additives, in certain inclusion rates, in order to counteract mycotoxins effect. Matherials and methods and other research protocol aspects were accurately described. The results were related to feed mycotoxins contamination, chicken broilers rearing performances and achieved meat production, their hematological, blood biochemical and immunological status, histopatological examinatons on the main affected organs, economic results due to feed additive usage or lack of additives in feed. 

CONCLUSIONS 

REFERENCES


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