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Ethics and the Politics of Food

  • Ethics and the Politics of Food

Ethics and the Politics of Food

Matthias Kaiser and Marianne Elisabeth Lien

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Author(s): Matthias Kaiser and Marianne Elisabeth Lien

About The Book

Food has emerged as a political topic par excellence. It is increasingly involved in controversies at a transnational level, in relation to issues of access, dominance, trade and control in a shared global environment. At the same time, innovations in biotechnology and animal domestication have brought ethics to the forefront of food debates. Thus, we live in an era when the ethics and the politics of food must come together.

This book addresses the ethics and the politics of food from a broad range of academic disciplines, including sociology, philosophy, nutrition, anthropology, ethics, political science and history. The chapters expose novel problem areas, and suggest guidelines for approaching them. Topics range from fundamental issues in philosophy to sustainability, from consumer trust in food to ethical toolkits. Transparency, power and responsibility are key concerns, and special attention is given to animal welfare, emerging technologies in food production and marine domestication. Together, the chapters represent a wide range of academic responses to the fundamental dilemmas posed by food production and food consumption in the contemporary world.

Additional Information

Author Matthias Kaiser and Marianne Elisabeth Lien
Availability In Print
Dimensions Unknown
Extent 592 Pages
ISBN 9789086860081
Publication date 2006
Book Type Softcover

Contents

Preface: Ethics and the politics of food 

Keynote papers
  • Political consumerism: Why the market is an arena for politics
  • Whales as persons
  • Can food safety policy-making be both scientifically and democratically legitimated? If so, how?
Part 1 – Politics and ethics of transparency
  • Consumer concerns and ethical traceability: outline of a liberal argument
  • Ethical traceability
  • Towards value based autonomy in livestock farming?
  • Participatory methods and food policy: Different approaches for different purposes
  • Farmers markets as a new arena for communication on food
  • Consumer information about farm animal welfare: A study of national differences
  • The presence of animal welfare-friendly bodies: An organised or disorganised achievement in the food supply chain
  • Private regulatory approaches and the challenge of pesticide use
  • Organic values and animal production
Part 2 – Foundational issues in philosophy and ethics
  • Biotechnology, disagreement and the limitations of public debate
  • Cynicism and corporate integrity: Obstacles and possibilities for moral communication
  • Protecting future generations through submajority rule
  • Scientific advice and the ideal of certainty
  • Controlling biodiversity? Ethical analysis of the case of swine fever and wild boar in Denmark
  • The moral basis of vegetarianism
  • Problems of principlism
  • Passive nature and safe food?
  • The human and social sciences in interdisciplinary biotechnology research: Trojan horses or useful idiots?
  • Moral co-responsibility in food production and consumption
  • Genetically modified foods between ethics and public policy
Part 3 – Trust in food
  • Food safety in Europe: New policy and shifting responsibilities
  • Politicising consumer trust in food: A socio-institutional explanation to variations in trust
  • Why increasing predictability cannot do the job alone when we aim to establish trust in the agri-food sector 167
Part 4 – Ethics and safety in food discourse
  • GMO controversy in Japan over test growing of PEPC transgenic rice plants
  • Uncertainty and precaution; challenges and implications for science and policy of DNA vaccines in aquaculture
  • Heuristics of precaution: Towards a substantial consideration of ethics in the regulation of agri-food biotechnology risks
  • Negotiating signs of pleasure and pain: towards a democratic-deliberative model of animal welfare monitoring
  • A critical appraisal of the UNESCO version of the Precautionary Principle
  • Biosecurity research and agroterrorism: Are there ethical issues at stake?
Part 5 – Sustainability in food production
  • No-one at the helm: World trade, sustainability and farm animal welfare
  • Integrative sustainability concept: Operationalisation for the food and agriculture sector
  • Ethical and organic? Exploring the contradictions from a local community of small family farmers of southern Brazil
  • The new scientific totalitarianism: An overview on the discourse over genetically modified crops
Part 6 – The tool-box for assessing ethical issues
  • Development of an Animal Disease Intervention Matrix (ADIM)
  • The process of developing and implementing criteria for sustainable agriculture: A cross-case analysis
  • ‘Animal Ethics Dilemma’: A computer supported learning tool
  • Giving ethical advice in a pluralist context: What is the problem?
  • Values behind biodiversity: A study of environmental controversies related to salmon farming
Part 7 – Cultural values in food production and consumption
  • Factors influencing halal meat consumption: An application of the theory of planned behaviour
  • Ethics and transformation of Polish food chain
  • Innocent food and dirty money: The moral economy of food production
  • The cultural taste of Gamalost fra Vik: Reflections about the meanings of a local cheese
  • Slow food lessons for a fast food nation
  • Olive oil and the cultural politics of ‘Denominaciones de Origen’ in Andalusia
  • Lookin’ for some down-home cookin’? A case study of household pork production in the Czech Republic
  • How animal friendly should our agricultural practice become?A moral anti-realist argumentation for veganism
Part 8 – Emerging technologies in food production
  • Genetics and tailor-made diets: Some ethical issues
  • Nanofood: Lessons to be learnt from the debate on GM crops?
  • Farm animal cloning: The role of the concept of animal integrity in debating and regulating the technology
  • The transatlantic conflict over GM food: Cultural background
  • Nutrigenomics: A bridge too far, for now?
  • The transatlantic rift in genetically modified food policy
  • The ethical landscape of non surgical embryo-transfer in pigs: An explorative study of public concerns
  • Agricultural animals as targets of genetic progress: Engaging with animal scientists about the impact of genomics
Part 9 – Nutrition, equality and global food security
  • Free vs. paid school fruit: Big difference with respect to social inequality
  • Who’s responsible for school meals?
  • Technological interventions for global food security
  • Urban challenges and solutions for ethical eating
  • Governance of healthy eating: The changing role of governments in promoting healthy dietary habits and its implications for consumers and civil society
  • Food system policies in rich countries and consequences in poor ones: Ethical considerations
  • Advertising, social responsibility and moral myopia: An overview on the fast food industry
Part 10 – Who is responsible? Corporate responsibility and political governance
  • Re-doing responsibilities: Re-doing the state politics of food and the political market-place
  • The responsibility of food corporations for their customers' health
  • Governing sustainable food and farming production futures using integrated risk assessment approaches
  • Ethical principles and practice in organic processing: Governance and corporate responsibility
  • Corporate responsibility
  • For public prevention or on private plates? The ethical evaluation of personal diets and the shift towards market applications
  • Can the freedom to choose between gm-free and gm-products be guaranteed by voluntary GM-free regional co-operations in the long-run?
Part 11 – Critical issues in aquatic production systems
  • Turning cheap fish into expensive fish? The ethical examination of an argument about feed conversion rates
  • A warm heart for a cold fish: Moral obligations and welfare considerations in fish farming
  • The implications of the use of GM in aquaculture: Issues for international development and trade
  • Economic values of fish welfare and application of market experiments
  • A story of two fishes
  • The ethical slaughter of farmed fish
  • Consumer perception about ethical and sustainability issues of fish
Part 12 – Politics of consumption
  • The political-commercial framing of ethical consumption
  • Safer than ever? Trust and gender in relation to meat provisioning in Norway
  • The Citizen goes shopping: What do the peers have to say about it?
  • Mobilising for the animal cause as consumers: An analysis of strategies and practices in Netherlands and Norway
Part 13 – Animal welfare and food production
  • Animal welfare differences between Caesarean section and natural delivery in Belgian Blue cattle
  • Stakeholder's attitudes to and engagement for animal welfare: to participation and cocreation
  • Ethics, bioethics and animal welfare: At what cost
  • Importance of emotional experiences for societal perception of farm animal welfare: A quantitative study in the Netherlands
  • Animal welfare in animal husbandry: How to put moral responsibility for livestock into practice
  • Competing conceptions of animal welfare and their ethical implications for the treatment of non-human animals
  • Animals and the harm of death
  • Tail docking in horses: Tradition, economy, welfare and the future of the Belgian draft horse
  • All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others: A cross-cultural comparison of human-animal relationships in Netherlands and Norway
  • Vethics: Vets for ethics in food
  • Robustness of laying hens: An ethical approach
  • Attitudes of organic pig farmers towards animal welfare
  • Defining the concept of animal welfare: integrating the opinion of citizens and other stakeholders
Part 14 – Other contributions
  • Comparative analysis of ethical assessment of agricultural biotechnology: Committees functioning and philosophical presuppositions
  • Pigs breeding outdoors and weighing stress: an automatic station for feed distribution and weight taking
  • Dairy cows systems and natural resources utilization for a sustainable and ethical production in NW Italy
  • Pesticide residues in drinking water versus other beverages: a case of an unjustified discrepancy?
  • Presentation of the computer programme ‘Animal Ethics Dilemma’
  • A project looking for novel perspectives in agricultural science communication
  • The ethical Delphi. A new tool for ethical assessments
  • Defining animal welfare from a citizen and consumer perspective: Exploratory findings from Belgium
  • Ethical questions, technological solutions?
Author index 

Keyword index

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